Up and Down[Vocabulary]

1. dip = fall slightly and then quickly recover

Go down and back up

 

2. plummet = plunge

Go down  very fast

 

3. fall and  level off = drop followed by a period of stability

Down then straight

 

4. soar = rocket

Go up very fast

 

5. hit a peak = reach a high

to go to the highest point

 

6. fluctuate = be erratic

Go up and down a lot

 

7. hit a low = reach one’s lowest point

To go to the lowest point

 

8. rise gradually = increase slowly but surely

Go up slowly

 

9. remain flat/stable = stabilize

Doesn’t change

 

10. fall gradually = decrease steadily

Go down slowly


Verb to Noun

ex: Book purchases increased gradually over the year.

-> There was a gradual rise in purchases over the year.


Note:

This is words to describe graphs.

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To-Infinitive or Gerand

Remember

to do

  • necessary actions
  • before the action

ex: I must remember to post this letter today. It’s important.

doing

  • memories of the past
  • before the remembering

ex: I can remember posting the letter. I posted it on Friday morning.

Forget

to do

  • necessary actions
  • before the action

ex: The clothes are still dirty because I forgot to switch on the machine.

doing

  • memories of the past
  • before the forgetting

ex: I’ll never forget flying over the Grand Canyon. It was wonderful.

Regret

to do

  • something you are doing (e.g.giving bad news)

ex: We regret to inform you that we are not taking on any new staff at present.

doing

  • something that happened in the past

ex: I regret spending all that money. I’ve got none left.

Try

to do

  • to attempt something

ex: I’m trying to run this computer program.

doing

  • to do something which might solve a problem

ex: I tried clicking on the boy, but it doesn’t work.

Stop

to do

  • to stop so that you can do it

ex: An old man walking along the road stopped to talk to us.

doing

  • to end an action

ex: There’s too much noise. Can you all stop talking, please?

Mean

to do

  • to intend to do it

ex: I think Nick meant to break that glass. It didn’t look like an accident.

doing

  • expresses the idea of one thing resulting in another

ex: I’m applying for the visa. It means filling in this form.

Go on

to do

  • to do something else/the next thing

ex: The teacher introduced herself and went on to explain about the course.

doing

  • to continue doing it

ex: The teacher told everyone to be quiet, but they just went on talking.

Need

to do

  • must/have to

ex: I need clean my shoes.

doing

  • passive

ex: My shoes need cleaning.


Note:
Verbs which change meanings, depending on following verb forms.