Up and Down[Vocabulary]

1. dip = fall slightly and then quickly recover

Go down and back up


2. plummet = plunge

Go down  very fast


3. fall and  level off = drop followed by a period of stability

Down then straight


4. soar = rocket

Go up very fast


5. hit a peak = reach a high

to go to the highest point


6. fluctuate = be erratic

Go up and down a lot


7. hit a low = reach one’s lowest point

To go to the lowest point


8. rise gradually = increase slowly but surely

Go up slowly


9. remain flat/stable = stabilize

Doesn’t change


10. fall gradually = decrease steadily

Go down slowly

Verb to Noun

ex: Book purchases increased gradually over the year.

-> There was a gradual rise in purchases over the year.


This is words to describe graphs.


To-Infinitive or Gerand


to do

  • necessary actions
  • before the action

ex: I must remember to post this letter today. It’s important.


  • memories of the past
  • before the remembering

ex: I can remember posting the letter. I posted it on Friday morning.


to do

  • necessary actions
  • before the action

ex: The clothes are still dirty because I forgot to switch on the machine.


  • memories of the past
  • before the forgetting

ex: I’ll never forget flying over the Grand Canyon. It was wonderful.


to do

  • something you are doing (e.g.giving bad news)

ex: We regret to inform you that we are not taking on any new staff at present.


  • something that happened in the past

ex: I regret spending all that money. I’ve got none left.


to do

  • to attempt something

ex: I’m trying to run this computer program.


  • to do something which might solve a problem

ex: I tried clicking on the boy, but it doesn’t work.


to do

  • to stop so that you can do it

ex: An old man walking along the road stopped to talk to us.


  • to end an action

ex: There’s too much noise. Can you all stop talking, please?


to do

  • to intend to do it

ex: I think Nick meant to break that glass. It didn’t look like an accident.


  • expresses the idea of one thing resulting in another

ex: I’m applying for the visa. It means filling in this form.

Go on

to do

  • to do something else/the next thing

ex: The teacher introduced herself and went on to explain about the course.


  • to continue doing it

ex: The teacher told everyone to be quiet, but they just went on talking.


to do

  • must/have to

ex: I need clean my shoes.


  • passive

ex: My shoes need cleaning.

Verbs which change meanings, depending on following verb forms.